However, this book is not Arnheim or Gombrich. Right from the beginning you are taken on a lesson in physics of light, color, and its wavelength tinted behaviors. Then the physiology of the eye and how the retina picks up a visual image. Along the way Art based visual methods help explain luminance and depth perception. As well the impressionist mischief of masters like Monet in his Impression Sunrise Painting. shows how Art takes advantage of perceptual cues. Livingstone has reversed Arnheim and Gombrich, using art and its perception to help explain the fascinating biology of seeing.